Human rights, formalisation and women's land rights in southern and eastern Africa Report


Authors: Ikdahl, Ingunn; Hellum, Anne; Kaarhus, Randi; Benjaminsen, Tor A.; Kameri-Mbote, Patricia
Report Title: Human rights, formalisation and women's land rights in southern and eastern Africa
Abstract: Land is a vital resource fo r rural livelihoods. Establishi ng and clarifying land rights through formalisation has become a key issu e in development pol icies that aim to promote more productive uses of land. This re port looks at some la nd reform initiatives from a gendered human rights perspective. The human rights-based approach (HRBA) has a direct bearing on international and nati onal land reform policie s, facilitating gender equality through elimination of discriminati on against women. The overall aim of this report is to make a contribution to the operationalisation of the HRBA. Chapter 2 focuses on different approaches to formalisation in different historical periods to date, starting with a discussion of the c oncept itself. In Chapter 3 the human rights- based approach to development is develope d in relation to women’s land rights, while Chapter 4 is an analysis of the approach to land policy found in the 2003 World Bank report. The country studies pres ented in Chapters 5–9 explore to what extent international and national formalisation initiatives are consonant with international human rights standards. By way of conclusion Chapte r 10 addresses some cross-cutting issues concerning the approach’s efficacy and adequacy at the international, national and local levels.
Keywords: Human rights; women land rights; Eastern and Southern Africa
Series Title: Unknown
Publisher: Noragric, Department of International Environment and Development Studies; Norwegian University of Life Sciences  
Date Published: 2005-06
DOI/URL:
Identifier: 1502-8127
Notes: Studies in Women’s Law No. 57 Institute of Women’s Law, University of Oslo
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