Systemic Design of Instruction On Achieving The Goals of Undergraduate Level Education in Universities: A Case Study of Makerere University Book Section


Author: Kitawi, Alfred Kirigha
Editor: Magued Iskander
Article/Chapter Title: Systemic Design of Instruction On Achieving The Goals of Undergraduate Level Education in Universities: A Case Study of Makerere University
Abstract: This research focused on the concept of Systems Design to Instruction on achieving the goals of universities at the undergraduate level. The study was occasioned by the slow integration of new methodologies in teaching and learning which focus on teacher centeredness. System Design to Instruction aims to integrate Information Communication Technologies [ICT] into teaching and learning. While the goals of the university are mainly to encourage life long learning, building interactive relationships with the immediate society and provide intelligent knowledge and distributed intelligence technology, the research aimed at the process of teaching and learning. The emphasis was on two sections: The Faculty of Computing and Information Technology and the School of Education. These two form the crux to fully integrating technology with pedagogy in the teaching-learning and research process at Makerere University. The study was a cross sectional survey based on a total of 225 respondents, consisting of 100 third year students of Bachelor of Arts in Education and 125 third year students of Bachelor of Science in Computer Science. Data was collected mainly through closed ended and open ended questionnaires. The researcher also compared results of set categories of students in the two organs who were exposed to ICT. Raw data was later presented and analysed using descriptive statistics of frequency distribution in nature and Multiple Analysis of Co variance (MANCOVA.). It was observed that the significant dependent variables that affected the Bachelor of Science in Computer Science were: evaluation of student social setting, research in the internet and other related technologies, different learning methods, different forms of instruction in teaching and learning, administering regular exams and reviewing performance according to course objectives. On the other hand at the School of Education the following affected students: Any form of educational technology used, incorporation of modern methods in teaching and learning, evaluation of student social setting in learning and sufficient technological resources for teaching and research. It was found out that the Systems Design to Instruction which is conceptualised using Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation [ADDIE] is important as it addressed the ever increasing needs of the students by leading to: increased learning, knowledge generation, response to learning problems and efficiency in teaching and learning. Having concluded in a nutshell that ADDIE leads to the attainment of university goals, the researcher recommended that for ADDIE to achieve goals at the undergraduate level there is need to lay emphasis on the learner in this process.
Keywords: development; Analysis; Design; Implementation and Evaluation FCIT- Faculty of Computing and Information Technologies ICT- Information Communication Technologies MANCOVA; Multiple Analysis of Covariance SOE- School of Education
Book Title: Innovative Techniques in Instruction Technology, E-learning, E-assessment, and Education
ISBN: 978-1-4020-8738-7
Publisher: Springer Netherlands  
Date Published: 2008
Start Page: 35
End Page: 40